MODULE 2 - DECRYPTING INFORMATION
SESSION 3 : INFORMATION AND DISINFORMATIONEvaluation
SESSION 3 : INFORMATION AND DISINFORMATION
SKILLS TO LEARN
- I am able to think critically.
- I understand the process of journalism, which includes fact checking.
- I understand why it is important to check sources.
- I understand the concept of ‘fake news’ and how it relates to media literacy.
- I can avoid information traps.
- I know the steps of fact checking.
Q1: ‘Thinking critically’ means:
- A: Criticising journalists who do not respect the profession’s ethical rules.
- B: Not believing information shared by traditional media.
- C: Not believing information shared on social media.
- D: Being able to think autonomously, rationally, and with awareness about information while bearing the author’s intentions in mind.
Q2: The correct response to a news item is:
- A: Check the sources; separate the verifiable facts from interpretations of events; compare interpretations and rank them, giving preference to those based on experimentation and research over hypothesis and belief.
- B: Check the sources; analyse the interpretations by getting confirmation from a third party; try to see what is hiding behind the information; give preference to interpretations based on hypothesis and belief.
- C: Check the sources; look up the author, the number of articles they have written on the topic, and their number of followers on social media before accepting their hypothesis.
- D: Be dubious of the accuracy and the author’s intentions, even if the author relies on experimentation and research.
Q3: To check a source, it is enough to:
- A: Ensure that it does not come from social media.
- B: Know who the piece’s author is and have trust in them.
- C: Find out where the piece originated, check whether the source is a person or entity with expertise on the topic, then corroborate.
- D: Confirm that it is spread on traditional media.
Q4: The concept of false information or ‘fake news’ describes information that:
- A: Is contrary to popular belief and problematic for public debate.
- B: Is fabricated, doctored, or distorted then purposefully spread by individuals in order to manipulate the public.
- C: Cannot be verified even if it is true.
- D: Is spread very quickly by internet users.
Q5: In order to avoid disinformation traps, you need to:
- A: Allow all sorts of information to circulate and let young people sharpen their critical thinking skills.
- B: Hold social media and ‘tech giants’ accountable.
- C: Limit online freedom of expression and the work of journalists.
- D: Prepare the public to deal with the rise in fake news by offering media literacy training.
Q6: Although the media use fact checking to fight fake news, you must remain cautious because:
- A: Some questions cannot be answered through mere fact checking, such as matters of politics, opinion, or morals.
- B: Fact checking could lead the media to spread other fake news.
- C: Journalists are not able to verify every news item.
- D: The media always have a financial motive which necessarily influences their judgment.
- Q1: D
- Q2: A
- Q3: C
- Q4: B
- Q5: B, D
- Q6: A